I’ll be honest, I had to look this one up. Well, I look them ALL up. I don’t have these facts running through my head at leisure. What does Repeal mean?
A hint….if you’re not sure either.
Popularly known as the Volstead Act.
Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States at the time, along with American Congress passed this Amendment, outlawing alcohol….
THE 18TH AMENDMENT
RATIFIED JANUARY 16, 1919
“SECTION 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
SECTION 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
SECTION 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.”
Used, with permission, from http://repealday.org.
To it’s benefit, alcohol consumption dropped in the days, and years, following the establishment of Prohibition.
As a result, cases of deaths due to Cirrhosis, in men, decreased from 29.5 per 100,000 in 1911 to 10.7 in 1929.
State mental hospitals saw a decline in admissions for alcoholic psychosis from 10.1 per 100,000 in 1919 to 4.7 in 1928.
The arrests police made for public drunkenness and disorderly conduct dropped by 50 percent between 1916 and 1922.
Then there’s the other side….the Speakeasies. They did exist before Prohibition but skyrocketed in popularity afterwards.
Reformists believed, during the Prohibition years, there had been an increase in child neglect and violence against children.
Hmm, makes you think alcohol is a coping mechanism?
Not to mention the lost revenue! The Women’s Organization for National Prohibition Reform and The Association Against the Prohibition Amendment claims $861 million was lost in federal tax revenue from untaxed liquor when $40 million was spent annually on Prohibition enforcement.
THE 21ST AMENDMENT
RATIFIED DECEMBER 5, 1933
SECTION 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
SECTION 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use there in of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
SECTION 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Just to be clear, Repeal means to revoke or annul.
Did you know there are still countries still enforcing prohibition? Apparently, outlawing alcohol in Canada didn’t really fly – it lasted only 2 years – and was implemented due to the war.
Why Celebrate This Day?
First of all, be thankful, if you live in a country without prohibition, you can enjoy a glass of wine or draught in public with your friends without getting arrested.
Other holidays such as St. Patrick’s Day or Cinco de Mayo are not even written in the American Constitution and they are vastly celebrated. The Repeal Amendment is a part of the Constitution so enjoy…. responsibly.
The 21st Amendment allowed for the continuation of traditional fermentation and distillation, that was so rudely cut off for 17 years prior.
This catapulted the American bartender into “culinary artist” status.
If it were still outlawed, chances are you would make sure you found a way to have one today.
Exercise your right, go ahead and celebrate National Repeal Day. Have your favorite drink after work….because you can!
Posted by Kim Ratcliffe-Doe on December 5, 2017.